Organic Hawthorn Flower Top Powder 300µm Heat Treated 1.5% Flavonoids

(Code: 3OPH051892)
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Crataegus Monogyna Jacq. / Crataegus Laevigata DC.

  1. #Properties#

    Hawthorn properties

    Common Hawthorn, Maythorn or May, is native to British flora and belongs to the Rosaceae family. Crataegus monogyna Jacq. is an evergreen shrub with many branches and thorns It is frequently found in hedgerows, brush, thickets and woods. It adorns the landscape with its small white flowers in May and early June in most of Europe (1), hence its common English name "May".

    Crataegus monogyna has 1 cm long sharp thorns on its twigs and branches. During its flowering, hawthorn represents a source of pollen and nectar to a variety of different insects. From August, almost the entire shrub can turn dark red with numerous berries.

    In traditional medicine, hawthorn is recommended as an antispasmodic agent in the treatment of asthma, diarrhea, gallbladder disease and uterine contractions, and as a sedative for the treatment of insomnia (World Health Organization) (2). As wild, common and abundant species, Crataegus laevigata DC. is used in infusions or in the form of  leaves, flowers and fruits based tonic extracts.

    Crataegus monogyna Jacq. or related species, known collectively as hawthorn, have been used in the treatment of cardiovascular disease (3). On the other hand, the properties of hawthorn come from its composition rich in flavonoids, biogenic amides and triterpene acids present in its leaves, flowers and fruits. These phenolic actives have an antioxidant effect and help prevent damage due to free radicals (4).

    The main triterpene acids contained in hawthorn are oleanolic acid and ursolic acid (5). The fruit contains large amounts of pectin, carotene, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), thiamin, and about 2–3% catechins (6).

    (1) FICHTNER, André et WISSEMANN, Volker. Biological flora of the British isles: Crataegus monogyna. Journal of Ecology, 2021, vol. 109, no 1, p. 541-571.
    (2) Organisation mondiale de la santé . ( 2002 ). Monographies de l'OMS sur certaines plantes médicinales (Vol. 2). Organisation Mondiale de la Santé.
    (3) Fong, Harry HS PhD; Bauman, Jerry L. PharmD . Aubépine. Le Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 16(4):p 1-8, juillet 2002.
    (4) Kirakosyan, A. , Seymour, E. , Kaufman, PB , Warber, S. , Bolling, S. et Chang, SC ( 2003 ). Pouvoir antioxydant des extraits polyphénoliques de feuilles de Crataegus laevigata et Crataegus monogyna (Aubépine) soumises au stress de la sécheresse et du froid . Journal de chimie agricole et alimentaire , 51 ( 14 ), 3973 – 397.
    (5) Hegnauer, R. ( 1973 ). Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen (Vol. 6). Birkhauser.
    (6) BOUZID, Wafa. Etude de l’activité Biologique des extraits du fruit de Crataegus monogyna jacq. 2009. Thèse de doctorat. Université de Batna 2.

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  2. #Species and parts used#

    Species and parts of hawthorn used

    At Natural Origins we use the flowering tops of a wild species of hawthorn. The petals of the flowers change colour from purplish-pink to yellowish-brown.

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  3. #Quality#

    Hawthorn quality

    Our hawthorn comes from conventional and organic grade crops in dedicated areas.

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  4. #Country of origin#

    Hawthorn country of origin

    The flowering tops of our hawthorn come from northeastern Bulgaria, central Albania, the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and southeastern Poland.

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  5. #Harvest period#

    Hawthorn harvest period

    Our botanical ingredients are manually harvested  from April to September.

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  6. #Optimal availability period at Natural Origins#

    Optimum hawthorn availability period at Natural Origins

    January / February

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