Tropical plant of the Sapindaceae family and native to the central Amazon basin, Guarana (Paullinia cupana Kunth ex H.B.K. var. Sorbilis) has been used since pre-Columbian times by the Amerindians who already consumed extracts of roasted seeds. They used it in times of famine as a dietary alternative but also to relieve headaches, reduce cramps or even fever. The history of Guarana shows that it is surrounded by myths and legends because its different pharmacological properties are like a drug. Its discovery was made by the German botanist Christian-Franz Paullini in the 18th century; its vernacular name comes from the Indian "warana" meaning "fruit of youth".
The Guarana seed, whose main substance is caffeine (sometimes called guaranine) has many virtues, it is a stimulant, aphrodisiac, invigorating, and a gastrointestinal protector. Renowned for its high caffeine content (four times that of coffee), Guarana seeds improve cognitive performance and help fight fatigue and drowsiness. The chemical study of Guarana highlights other compounds such as tannins and saponins.
The medicinal and stimulating properties of the Guarana seed, especially for athletes, make this natural ingredient a health ally for both energy drinks and slimming food supplements. Indeed, the richest plant material in caffeine, Guarana promotes weight loss thanks to its diuretic and lipolytic properties and reduces the state of fatigue frequently observed during low calorie diets.
Guarana seeds have the highest concentration of caffeine among plants with purine alkaloids in their composition. This considerable amount of caffeine on the other hand acts as a real cardiovascular, muscle and brain stimulant. The tannins present also strengthen the gastrointestinal system. naturally invigorating for the body and a superfood, Guarana improves mental capacities (memorisation, attention and concentration) and increases physical energy, hence its growing development in the stimulant market.
Currently, Guarana seeds are widely used by the food and pharmaceutical industry for their concentration of nutrients: caffeine, tannins, vitamins, proteins, minerals.
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